He planned the canal system himself, using the James River across much of the state's eastern and central regions before picking up others, such as the Kanawha and New Rivers, to reach the Ohio. The RF&P's efforts were in vain as the VC reached the state capital the same year it acquired its new name. Looking beyond Chicago the company's leadership worked its way further into the Midwest; also in 1910 it acquired the Hocking Valley Railway, which stretched from Toledo to Athens, Jackson, Gallipolis, and Pomeroy, Ohio via Columbus. In 1868 the Virginia Central was renamed as the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Company to further clarify its intentions of reaching the Ohio River and Chesapeake Bay. The Chessie System, however, would last a mere eight years as an independent company; in 1980 the Chessie roads and those of the Family Lines/Seaboard Coast Line Industries (which was a holding company for a number of southeastern railroads including the Seaboard Coast Line and Louisville & Nashville) formed CSX Corporation on November 1st. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway: George Washington's Railroad [Dorin, Patrick C.] on Amazon.com. Today, the corridor remains heavily used by CSX Transportation. Nov 12, 2020 - Explore Shanan Vann's board "Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad" on Pinterest. However, rather than merge the B&O out of existence the railroad chose to gradually combine the two, slowly merging departments and other management areas. In addition, the route's canal history and ties to Washington allowed the C&O, albeit somewhat indirectly, to claim a heritage to our nation's first president. At first the C&O required trackage rights over the Norfolk & Western to reach this disconnected subsidiary via Limeville, Kentucky and Valley Crossing, Ohio. You will be hard pressed at finding a better online resource regarding diesel locomotives than Craig Rutherford's TheDieselShop.us. Its new livery with the Chess-"C" was an instant hit and remains one of the most  colorful, popular, and dynamic liveries ever applied to a locomotive. The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). The conductor asked Wells to move to a different car because of her race. C&O Virginia Central in the Civil War Vol. However, by 1927 it had completed its own connection and now had a through route across the Buckeye State (the railroad formally merged the HV into its network in 1930). It subsequently acquired a number of other lines, culminating in its merger with the Pere Marquette Railroad Company in 1947. The company fell into receivership in 1883 and emerged on May 20, 1889 as the Richmond & Alleghany Railway, upon which time it was acquired by the C&O (the company purchased it outright on January 20, 1890). LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. If you are researching anything EMD related please visit this page first. Summary Map of the central portion of the eastern United States between the Atlantic and St. Louis showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, roads, railroads, and iron and coal deposits. It blossomed into a major coal carrier at this time, adding branches across southern West Virginia and eastern Kentucky (here, an important connection was also made with the Clinchfield Railroad at Elkhorn City) to tap new mines, a process that continued through 1920. In 1891 the C&O obtained trackage rights over the Virginia Midland Railroad between Orange and Washington, D.C. which provided a key connection to the nation's capital. A set of grimy Chesapeake & Ohio SD40's negotiates their train over the Southern Railway diamonds at Charlottesville, Virginia on March 8, 1969. One deck depicts "Chessie", the other depicts "Peake - Chessie's Old Man." Ultimately its tracks stretched across a half-dozen states and even into Canada. 1:680,000. Plastic case (one hinge is broken and one corner is chipped, but case closes properly). Norge Train Depot, 7770 Croaker Road, Norge, Williamsburg, Virginia. Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. This road, covering 284.5 miles between Cincinnati and Hammond, Indiana, gave Chessie direct access into the Windy City thanks to friendly trackage rights with other lines. A new ownership was for the best; while Huntington had funded the C&O's continued expansion he had spent little on upgrading the company to modern standards. The C&O was officially completed at Hawk's Nest, West Virginia along the New River Gorge on January 29, 1873. Electro-Motive Corporation/Electro-Motive Division. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his, 5700-5719, 5739-5797, 5800-5855, 5860-5900, 6500A-6501A, 6500C, 6500B (Calf), 6501C, 6501B (Calf). From the start, the system had a relatively strong financial backing and wasted no time completing its charter, opening in December of 1837. Five rebuilt as L1 class Hudson (4-6-4) types at the C&O's Huntington, WV, workshops in 1946. Sportsman: (Washington/Newport News - Cincinnati/Detroit). Huntington had intended to use the railroad as a means of piecing together a true transcontinental railroad but the economic downturn was too great and the C&O fell into receivership in 1878. Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company (C&O), , byname Chessie System, American railroad company established in 1868 with the consolidation of two smaller lines, the Virginia Central and the Covington and Ohio. This line's most impressive engineering feature was the Blue Ridge Tunnel (also known as the Crozet Tunnel) designed by engineer Claudius Crozet. It ran from Richmond to Huntington, WV initially, but later it opened the Peninsula Extension in order to ship coal to the new coal piers in Hampton Roads. Unfortunately, the Civil War broke out in 1861 and further construction ceased. The Chesapeake & Ohio Railway logo. The creator of the sleeping kitten image was an artist by the name of Guido Grenewald who had created the cute feline to promote animal kindness. The route continued its way into Charleston, the future capital of West Virginia, before turning away near St. Albans and terminating at the Ohio River near the mouth of the Big Sandy River. Pre-Owned. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chesapeake-and-Ohio-Railway-Company, Chesapeake And Ohio Historical Society - History of the C&O Railway, The West Virginia Encyclopedia - Chesapeake and Ohio Railway. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource). It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country. Wells traveled by train from Memphis to Woodstock, Tennessee, where she was working as a teacher. Much of the C&O's growth during the 20th century through acquisition and not new construction. Metal is .025 gauge aluminum. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the late 1860s, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) pushed its first tracks westward from Virginia's Tidewater region across the mountains into what was then the new state of West Virginia. The CC&L had entered receivership in 1908 and was acquired by the C&O on June 23. These early compounds were very light compared to later examples, weighing roughly 200 tons compared to future variants that weighed 300 tons or more. According to Trains Magazine, the Western Maryland was the first to disappear, merged into the B&O on May 1, 1983. Images of Rail: The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway gathers 200 photographs that chronicle the C&O story. The creation of CSX entered the C&O into its last of many long and storied chapters; eventually a new subsidiary known as CSX Transportation was formed to operate the company's railroad assets. It was renamed "The Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Company" in 1878 following a period of receivership and subsequent reorganization. It gained its current name in the 1870s upon which time it grew into a coal-hauling juggernaut similar to the nearby Norfolk & Western. See more ideas about chesapeake, railway, ohio. A string of first-generation Geeps with GP7 #5805 closest to the photographer, are serviced at Gladstone, Virginia on an overcast October 26, 1969. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Coal is the major cargo hauled. Led by industrialist Collis P. Huntington, it reached from Virginia's capital city of Richmond to the Ohio River by 1873, where the railroad town (and later city) of Huntington, West Virginia was named for him. Mike’s knowledge of the placement and operation of signals has been applied to this layout and has kept the whole system relatively simple yet prototypical. Chessie System number 7311, with the famous kitten logo, in Cheney, Washington State, USA. An icon even outside the rail industry, many people today still recognize the kitten and its association with railroading in some way. Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Reporting marks: C&O, CO, CSXT. The Chesapeake & Ohio Historical Society is a non-profit corporation dedicated to interpreting the American Railway experience using C&O Railway’s history through drawings, documents, and artifacts which the Society collects, preserves, and makes available to as broad an audience as possible. Resort Special: Originally served Chicago and Petoskey but later connected Washington with White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. 184.5 Miles of Adventure. *Artwork provided by C&O Historical Society *Check out our other Railroad Signs Before the Chesapeake & Ohio and Baltimore & Ohio merged the two interchanged at Kenova, West Virginia near Huntington where the former's main line met the latter's Ohio River Branch. It thrived on West Virginia and Kentucky coal and was a gateway between Chicago and the ports of Virginia. Chesapeake & Ohio E8A #4028 has the Newport News section of the "George Washington" at the ferry slip in Newport News, Virginia on September 21, 1969. after the war," "other railroads after the war," "railroads during the war," "plank roads and turnpikes," "other roads," rivers, towns, and relief by hachures. Sep 28, 2019 - Explore Philip Taylor's board "Chesapeake & Ohio Railway" on Pinterest. Preserving the history of the C&O Railway. This proved the extent of its network due to increasing competition from the railroad. It also saw the potential in a direct link to Richmond, despite protestations from the RF&P, which now viewed the VC as a rival. It was just over 140 feet in length with a top speed of 100 mph. Unfortunately, by the time of its renaming canal transportation was fast being replaced by the much more efficient railroad. In 1980 the Chessie System merged with Seaboard Coast Line Industries, Inc., operator of track extending from Washington, D.C., to Miami, New Orleans, St. Louis, and Chicago, to form the CSX Corporation (q.v.). The railroad operates mainly in Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan. It constructed shop and/or yard complexes in Charlottesville, Gladstone, and Clifton Forge, Virginia; Handley, West Virginia; and Russell, Kentucky. In 1878 the right-of-way was sold to the new Richmond & Alleghany Railroad, which began construction in 1880 along the canal's old towpath. Roger Puta photo. Chesapeake & Ohio L1 Hudsons are 4-6-4 "Hudson" type steam locomotives built between 1946-1947 for the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad. It allowed coal and the C&O's other diverse freight to flow both east and west while reaching the most important gateway in the country in the process. Title Map of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and its connections. The 17 railroad companies included in the new corporation are operated as separate entities, yet offer coordinated single-system transportation. Corrections? This town lay within the beautiful New River Gorge and rails snaked their way along the waterway until reaching Gauley Bridge where it became the Kanawha River. All photos and videos, copyright individual owners/organizations. ), 504 Map includes "Chesapeake & Ohio R.R. Unfortunately, Baldwin, Westinghouse, and C&O engineers could never work out the numerous troubleshooting issues and gave up on the design. A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. With Chesapeake & Ohio E8A #4029 as power, the westbound "George Washington" awaits departure from the ferry terminal in Newport News, Virginia during October of 1968. Fast Flying Virginian/F.F.V. The NN&MV ran from the C&O at Mount Savage (about 25 miles southwest of Ashland) to a connection with the Elizabethtown, Lexington & Big Sandy Railroad at Mt. An official 1946 system map of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway. Enter Collis Huntington, who is best remembered for his work in building the western leg of the Transcontinental Railroad. kitten remains beloved by millions, decades since the railroad has Preserving America's early transportation history, the C&O Canal began as a dream of passage to Western wealth. Browse maps, pictures and histories of abandoned railroad lines of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from several smaller Virginia railroads begun in the 19th century. In 1963, the C&O merged with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the first of what would become a wave of railroad mergers. The Virginia Commonwealth of the early 19th century was a forward-thinking state and a big proponent of railroads, realizing their potential in opening trade and economic opportunities not only within its own borders but also beyond. Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page! Operating for nearly 100 years the canal was a lifeline for communities along the Potomac River as coal, lumber, and agricultural products floated down the waterway to market. That same year the C&O pushed rails eastward into Newport News, finally providing it an east coast port. In 1998 a gentleman by the name of Andre Kristopans put together a web page highlighting virtually every unit every out-shopped by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division. It was soon reorganized as the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway, setting the stage for what became a highly profitable system. The Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad (C&O) Greenbrier Division is a former railroad in the Greenbrier River valley in Greenbrier and Pocahontas County, West Virginia. Brand … Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Chesapeake and Ohio Railway locomotive from the early 20th century. C&O Railroad – Chesapeake & Ohio #2 metal sign features Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. It was built no further during Washington's life but did see a bit of commercial traffic until its acquisition by the state in 1820. 1 bid +$15.00 shipping. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the…. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. railroad it operated throughout much of the 20th century and Chessie the Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. After hostilities ended in May of 1865 crews needed until July 23rd to get the road back in service. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was one of several Appalachian coal At the time, Probert was looking for a way to showcase the railroad's new air-conditioned sleeping cars while also revitalizing sagging patronage. : (Washington/Newport News - Cincinnati/Louisville), George Washington: (Washington/Newport News - Cincinnati/Louisville), The Chessie (Never Launched):  (Washington - Cincinnati), Pere Marquette: (Detroit-Grand Rapids, Chicago-Grand Rapids/Muskegon, and Detroit-Saginaw). The website contains everything from historic (fallen flags) to contemporary (Class I's, regionals, short lines, and even some museums/tourist lines) rosters, locomotive production information, technical data, all notable models cataloged by the five major builders (American Locomotive, Electro-Motive, General Electric, Fairbanks-Morse, and Baldwin), and much more. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was one of several Appalachian coal haulers and is perhaps best remembered for its marketing sensation, Chessie the sleeping kitten, as well as its buyout of the Baltimore & Ohio during the early 1960s. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) was one of the most prominent East Coast freight haulers of the 20th Century. A new management team did just that and by the turn of the 20th century it was poised to be a very successful enterprise. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. It would eventually become the location of the railroad's major locomotive maintenance and repair shops. On December 25, 1888 the C&O opened service to Cincinnati, Ohio following the southern bank of the Ohio River via Ashland, Augusta, and Covington, Kentucky. The original version of Chesapeake & Ohio's, "Chessie," the sleeping kitten. He purchased Grenewald's rendering for $5, came up with the name Chessie (named after the railroad), and added the slogan, "Sleep Like A Kitten And Wake Up Fresh As A Daisy In Air-Conditioned Comfort." The locomotive was meant to power the streamliner "Chessie," ultimately never launched, in an attempt to prove that advancements in steam technology could still compete against the diesel. A highly recommended database! During June of 1879, Huntington formed the Newport News & Mississippi Valley to complete a through route from Ashland to Lexington, Kentucky. Author's work. This was done for several reasons but two of the most important was to placate the extremely loyal B&O employees (which would not take outright control and dissolution easily) and retain the its tax exempt status within the State of Maryland. An icon even outside the rail industry, many people today still recognize the kitten and its association with railroading in some way. Here, B&O steamers can be seen to the left while C&O GP9's hustle a coal drag in a scene that probably dates to the 1950s. If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer. Led by industrialist Collis P. Huntington, it reached from Virginia's capital city of Richmond to the Ohio River by 1873, where the railroad town (and later city) of Huntington, West Virginia was named for him. Updates? The company's passenger traffic soared and the advertising campaign remains one of the most successful of all time; even today the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Historical Society continues to sell calendars and other memorabilia featuring Chessie (when the kitten debuted demand was so high that the C&O could not keep merchandise in stock). $50.00. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was formed by a merger of several small Virginia railroads (including the Virginia Central and the Blue Ridge Railroad) in 1869. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The CC&L, which became the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway of Indiana, ran via Richmond, Muncie, and Peru cutting diagonally across the state. Its Piedmont region could support diverse types of agriculture, which persists through today, and the Louisa was utilized by farmers to ship their products to market. & Ohio during the early 1960s. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. Die Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (CO, C&O) ist eine ehemalige Class-I-Bahngesellschaft in den Vereinigten Staaten. Sie geht auf die 1836 in Virginia gegründete Louisa Railroad zurück, die ab 1868 Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad und ab 1878 schließlich Chesapeake and Ohio Railway hieß. The EL&BS continued on into Lexington and was acquired by Huntington. Four (#490-#493) were fitted with the streamlining originally painted in orange. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (reporting marks C&O, CO) was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from several smaller Virginia railroads begun in the 19th century. Today, much of the remaining C&O network is operated by CSX Transportation. It later became the James River & Kanawha Canal. On July 1, 1867 the VC finally reached Covington although the war's devastation meant funds were exhausted to continue further construction. It all began with the James River Company, envisioned by Washington in 1785 as an efficient transportation artery to connect eastern and western Virginia at the Ohio River. The information includes original numbers, serials, and order numbers. In 1869, just after this project was completed, Huntington pumped new life into the C&O by funding its push towards the west. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 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